Maryland Birds

Over 450 bird species have been documented in Maryland, and over half of these species have nested in the State. More than 100 species are considered vagrant or accidental in Maryland, having been found only once or a handful of times. About eleven species are extinct, extirpated from Maryland as breeding species, or have not been recorded as breeding in the state in recent years (ca. past 20 years) and may be extirpated. These species include Bachman’s Sparrow, Ivory-billed Woodpecker, Swainson’s Thrush, Red-cockaded Woodpecker, Roseate Tern and Greater Prairie Chicken.

Seventy-two species of birds are rare, threatened or endangered in Maryland. For a complete list of rare animals in Maryland, please click here. Species such as the Mute Swan, House Sparrow, European Starling, and House Finch are not native to Maryland.

Least Terns by Mitch Adolph, MD DNR Photo Contest

Quick Bird FAQ

Northern Cardinals by Ronald Lutz, MD DNR Photo Contest

Bird Checklists

For the Official List of the Birds of Maryland, 2020 version, compiled by the MD/DC Records Committee of the Maryland Ornithological Society, please click here. Species ordering and names conform to the Check-List of North American Birds, 60th edition, by the American Ornithological Society. This list includes vagrants, accidentals and species considered extirpated or extinct.

For a printable checklist of Maryland birds, please click here.

Select Bird Factsheets

Red-shouldered Hawk by Dave Gigliotti, MD DNR Photo Contest

Additional Birding Links

For more information, please contact:

Maryland Department of Natural Resources
Wildlife and Heritage Service
Tawes State Office Building, E-1
Annapolis MD 21401
Toll-free in Maryland: 1-877-620-8DNR​​