Rare, Threatened, and Endangered Animals

Green Salamander photo by Ed ThompsonThe following reports identify those native Maryland animals that are among the least understood, the rarest, and the most in need of conservation efforts. It includes species occurring in Maryland that are on the federal list of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), species currently on the State’s Threatened and Endangered Species list, and additional species that are considered rare or under assessment by the Wildlife and Heritage Service.

Compiled by Wildlife and Heritage Service staff and conservation partners, this list of rare species is a result of more than 35 years of effort to gather, research, and analyze data from numerous sources, such as museums, scientific literature, unpublished documents, reports from zoologists and amateur naturalists, and extensive field work conducted by scientists from the Department of Natural Resources (DNR).

While biological information is constantly updated, the regulatory process is more complex; as such, updates to the Rare, Threatened, and Endangered Species list are made periodically. The report below contains conservation status rank and State legal status revisions since our last published list in 2010.

Rare, Threatened and Endangered Animals of Maryland

Rare Species by County

County lists coming soon.

Animal Fact Sheets

American Brook Lamprey
Appalachian Bewick's Wren
Bald Eagle
Baltimore Checkerspot
Belt Woods Canopy
Black Skimmer
Frosted Elfin
Gray Petaltail
Green Salamander
Eastern Hellbender
Indiana Bat
King’s Hairstreak
Maryland Darter
Mountain Chorus Frog
North American Porcupine
Northern Goshawk
Northern Saw-whet Owl
Olympia Marble
Piping Plover
Loggerhead Seaturtle
Kemp’s Ridley Seaturtle
Green Seaturtle
Leatherback Seaturtle
Atlantic Hawksbilll Seaturtle
Shortnose Sturgeon
Snowshoe Hare
Swallow Falls Snag
Timber Rattlesnake