Maryland's Salamanders and Newts  (Order Caudata)


Valley and Ridge Salamander (Plethodon hoffmani)


Photo of adult Valley and Ridge Salamander, courtesy of John White
Photo of Adult Valley and Ridge Salamander, courtesy of John White


Size:
3 – 4 ½ in; Record – 5 ⅜ in.

Appearance:
  • Small and slender, with the tail comprising 50% or more of the total length. 
  • Deep brown with small scattered white spots and brassy flecks. 
  • The belly is dark with white mottling.
  • Can be confused with the eastern red-backed salamander (leadback type)

Habitat:

Habitat photo of Valley and Ridge Salamander courtesy of Matt Kline
Habitat Photo for Valley and Ridge Salamander courtesy of Matt Kline

  • Mature hardwood forests with well drained soils are optimal. 
  • Mountain slopes and ravines. 
  • Prefers drier conditions, compared to other closely related species.
  • Easiest to find on the ground in Spring and Fall.
  • Remains underground during hot and cold weather.

Distribution in Maryland:
Maryland Distribution Map of Valley and Ridge Salamander