Maryland's Salamanders and Newts (Order Caudata)
Eastern Newt (Notophthalmus viridescens)
Adult Photo of Eastern Newt courtesy of Paul Kazyak
Eft Photo of Eastern Newt courtesy of Kerry Wixted
2¼ - 4¾ in; Record - 5½ in.
- A row of red spots, each encircled with a thin black line, runs down either side of the back in both the aquatic adults and terrestrial juvenile “red efts”.
- Aquatic adults have olive-green or yellowish-brown backs and creamy yellow bellies with black spots, and have a long, vertically flattened rudder-like tail.
- Red efts are orange-red above and below.
Habitat Photo for Eastern Newt
courtesy of Rebecca Chalmers
- Aquatic adults are found in vernal pools, ponds, small lakes, marshes and the quiet portions of streams.
- Forested habitats must be adjacent or nearby, as the red eft juvenile stage is found in moist deciduous forests.
Distribution in Maryland: