Field Guide to Maryland's Frogs and Toads (Order Anura)

Fowler’s Toad

Family:

Common Name:
 
Scientific Name:

Adult Fowler's Toad, photo courtesy of Scott A. Smith

Size:
  • 2-3 inches
  • Record - 3¾ inches

Appearance:
  • Three or more warts in each of the large dark spots on a brown, grey or greenish back.
  • A light line often bisects the back from between the eyes to the lower back.
  • It has a comparatively unspotted chest and belly.
  • No enlarged warts on the arms.
  • A parotoid gland that touches the ridge behind the eye.
  • This is the most common toad on the Coastal Plain. May hybridize with American Toad.

Habitats:
  • Primarily in areas with sandy soils, but can be found in most habitats, from fields to forests.
  • Breeds in shallow wet depressions, roadside ditches, and shallow margins of permanent bodies of water.
  • Onset of breeding is later than American Toads, from late April through July.


Photo of Habitat for Fowler's Toad courtesy of Andy Becker
Photo of Habitat for Fowler's Toad courtesy of Andy Becker


How to Find:

Distribution in Maryland:
Fowler’s toads can be found throughout Maryland.
Maryland Distribution Map for Fowler's Toad