Recommended Tree List
When selecting a tree to plant, consider:
If you plan to use a Marylanders Plant Trees coupon please check if the tree you want to plant is on the eligible list below. This list may be updated periodically as interest and availability of native tree stock changes.
- CRABAPPLE SPP. (Malus spp.)
Height: 15′-35′, Spread: 10′-25′. Small
flowering trees valued for wildlife food and shelter. Produces a small
fruit the size of a marble. Can be used in many types of landscape
settings as they tolerate urban conditions well.
- DOGWOOD, ALTERNATE-LEAF/PAGODA (Cornus alternifolia)
Height: 12’-15’, Spread: 10’-12’. Pagoda
Dogwood is an excellent small tree or large shrub that can be grown
either as a single or multi-trunked specimen. General crown form is oval
to round but it has a unique horizontally layered branching structure
which accounts for its common name. It has flat clusters of small white
flowers in spring. Fruit are small blue-black berries that are readily
eaten by birds. The fall foliage color is a deep burgundy. Does well in
either full sun or shade. Does not tolerate hot dry sites.
- DOGWOOD, AMERICAN FLOWERING (Cornus florida)
Height: 20′, Spread: 15′-20′. Small tree
with flat topped crown. Place in well drained soil. Full sun to partial
shade. Has character in all four seasons. Excellent as specimen tree or
used on the corner of a house. Bright red berries are an important food
source for songbirds including evening grosbeak, cardinals, robins and
- FRINGETREE, WHITE (Chionanthus virginicus)
Height: 12′-20′, Spread: same.
Slowing-growing that prefers moist, fertile soils and full sun.
Excellent specimen tree or in groups, borders or near large buildings.
Limited wildlife value.
- HAWTHORN, WASHINGTON (Crataegus phaenopyrum)
Height: 25′-30′, Spread: 20′-25′. Broadly
rounded to oval, dense, thorny tree. Plant in well drained soil in full
sun. Excellent specimen tree or for borders and hedges. Tolerates severe
urban stresses. Has attractive flowers, fruits, and foliage. Should not
be used in high traffic areas. Dense thorns make excellent nesting
sites for songbirds. Fruit is used by grouse.
- HAWTHORN, GREEN (Crataegus viridis)
Height 20’-35’ Spread: same. Rounded
crown. Sharply thorny. Flowers are white and fall foliage a purple to
scarlet color. The fruit is bright red and persistent into winter.
- HOLLY, AMERICAN (Ilex opaca)
Height: 15′-30′, Spread: 18′-25′. Dense,
pyramidal in youth, opening up with age. Plant in moist, well drained
soil. Full sun or partial shade. Use one male for every three females.
Use as specimen plant or in groupings. Many cultivars. Used extensively
by many songbirds including thrushes, mockingbirds, catbirds, bluebirds
and thrashers. Foliage provides cover for songbirds and mammals.
- HOPHORNBEAM/IRONWOOD (Ostrya virginiana)
Height: 30’-50’, Spread: 25’ Hophornbeam
has a lovely yellow fall color, and the small nutlets, which ripen in
summer and fall, are used by birds and mammals during the winter. Bark
is an attractive orange or grayish brown peeling off in longitudinal
- MAGNOLIA, SWEETBAY (Magnolia virginiana)
Multistemmed, small tree or open shrub.
Likes wet, acid soils. Tolerates shade. Used as specimen tree. White to
cream colored flowers that have a strong lemon and rose-scented smell.
Wildlife value is low. Seeds are eaten by some mammals and birds.
Foliage is used by several birds for nest building.
A shrub or small tree that tolerates
shade, pawpaw produces a fruit that is readily eaten by wildlife.
Flowers open greenish-brown and become deep red.
- REDBUD, EASTERN (Cercis canadensis)
Height: 20′-30′, Spread: 25′-30′. Small
tree with rounded crown, pink to purplish flowers in early spring.
Heart-shaped leaves are reddish at emergence, become dark green, then
yellow in the fall. Likes moist, well drained soils. Full sun to light
shade. Can be used as a street, yard, or border tree. Requires little
pruning after lower branches have been removed for clearance. Limited
- SERVICEBERRY or SHADBLOW (Amelanchier canadensis)
Height: 6′-20′, Spread: 10′-15′. Erect
stems, often clumped. These small trees have attractive bark, flowers,
and fruit. White flower. Beautiful orange to red autumn color. Requires
little or no maintenance. Important berry producer during the early
summer months. Blue-black fruit is eaten by bluebirds, cardinals, and
tanagers. Foliage is used by browsers.
- SERVICEBERRY, ALLEGHENY (Amelanchier laevis)
Height: 30’-40’, Spread: 15’-20’. Multiple
stems are upright and highly branched forming a dense shrub, or if
properly pruned a small tree. The tree is short-lived, has a rapid
growth rate, and can be used as a filler plant or to attract birds. The
main ornamental feature is the white flowers borne in drooping clusters
in mid spring. The purplish black berries are sweet and juicy but are
soon eaten by birds. The fall color is yellow to red. It is well adapted
for planting beneath power lines due to its small size.
- SERVICEBERRY, DOWNY (Amelanchier arborea)
Height 15’-25’ Spread: up to 35’ Typically
multi-stemmed. A beautiful orange leaf in the fall. Flowers white and
in upright clusters. Fruit is preferred by birds. Fruit is sweet and
- BALDCYPRESS, COMMON (Taxodium distichum)
Height 50′-70′, spread 20′-30′. This
lofty, deciduous (loses its leaves in the fall) conifer (small round
cones at the end of twigs) is very tolerant to typical urban conditions
as well as wet areas. Its slender pyramidal form, beautiful leaf
texture, attractive bark and fast growing habit make this a worthwhile
tree to plant. Bright green spring leaves ½” – ¾” turn soft sage green
in summer, and pale orange in autumn before dropping. “Cypress knees”
occur only in or near water.
- BEECH, AMERICAN (Fagus grandifolia)
Height: 50′-100′, Spread: 50′-70′. Often
has short trunk with wide spreading crown. Likes moist, well drained
soils. Does best in full sun, but tolerates shade. Should be restricted
to large area use for parks and estates. Beechnuts are eaten by birds
and mammals and are important food for chipmunks and squirrels.
- BIRCH, RIVER (Betula nigra)
Height: 40′-70′, Spread: 40′-60′.
Pyramidal in youth and rounded with age. Often grown multistemmed. Best
adapted to moist soils. Handsome tree used as specimen in parks and
lawns. Catkins are used by redpolls and pine siskins. Foliage is used by
- ELM, AMERICAN (Ulmus Americana)
Height 60′-80′, spread 50′-80′. This
large, graceful, spreading, medium to fast growing tree can reach to a
height of 80 feet. It is well suited to lawns and urban landscapes. It
prefers deep, rich soils, but grows well in a variety of conditions and
is pH and salt tolerant.
- HACKBERRY (Celtis occidentalis)
Height: 40′-60′, Spread same. In youth
weakly pyramidal; in old age the crown is a broad top of ascending,
arching branches. Medium to fast growth. Prefers rich, moist soils, but
grows in dry, heavy or sandy, rocky soils; withstands acid or alkaline
conditions; moderately wet or very dry areas; tolerates wind; full sun;
withstands dirt and grime of cities. Fruit is fleshy, orange to dark
purple, ripening in September to October. Leaves are yellow to
yellow-green in fall. Good tree for park or large area use. Useful tree
for adverse growing conditions. Fruit is popular with winter birds,
especially the cedar waxwing, mockingbird, and robin.
- HEMLOCK, EASTERN (Tsuga canadensis)
Height: 40′-70′, Spread: 25′-35′.
Pyramidal in youth, becoming more pendulous with age. Likes moist,
well-drained soils. Plant in sheltered area. Tolerates shade. Relatively
fast growing. Excellent for screens, hedges, accent plant and
foundation plantings. Provides excellent cover for deer and songbirds.
Nesting site for several warblers. Seeds are eaten by juncos,
chickadees, and siskins.
- HONEYLOCUST (Gleditsia triacanthos)
Height: 30′-70′, Spread: same. Usually has
short trunk with open, oval crown. Transplants readily. Fast grower.
Withstands a wide range of conditions but prefers rich, moist soil.
Excellent lawn tree under filtered shade. Tolerates salt, heat, drought,
compaction, and other adverse urban conditions. Limited wildlife value.
- LINDEN, AMERICAN (Tilia americana)
Height: 50′-70′, Spread: 35′-50′. A fine
shade tree for streets, parking lots, and large lawns. Prefers moist,
fertile soil but will tolerate drier sites, Transplants readily.
- LOCUST, BLACK (Robinia pseudoacacia)
Height: 50’-80’, Spread: 20’-35’ The
upright growth and short, irregular branches form an open canopy and
cast light shade below the tree, allowing a lawn to thrive. The leaves
are some of the last to appear in spring and often drop early in the
autumn. In late spring for a short time the trees have long, dense
clusters of extremely fragrant, one-inch white blossoms which are
literally “alive” with the bustling activity of visiting bees. The honey
which is produced is quite delicious. The dark red to black, leathery
seeds pods which follow will persist on the trees throughout the winter.
- MAGNOLIA, SOUTHERN (Magnolia grandiflora)
Height: 60’ – 80’., Spread: 30’ – 50’. Can
be a very large, handsome, yard tree. Needs plenty of room to grow.
Leaves are leathery and dark green above. Flowers are creamy white and
have a pleasant fragrance. Seeds grow in a “cone” and are a beautiful
Height: 40′-60′, Spread: same. Medium to
fast grower. Excellent tree as specimen for lawn and park settings.
Excellent fall color. Good shade tree. Buds, flowers and leaves provide
food for many birds and mammals. Chipmunks and squirrels eat seeds and
some songbirds use stalks for nest building.
- MAPLE, SUGAR (Acer saccharum)
Height 60′-70′, spread usually 2/3 the
height. Leaf color is medium to dark green in summer changing to
brilliant yellow, burnt orange and red tones in autumn. It grows best in
well-drained moderately moist, fertile soil. It does not grow well in
tight, compacted situations such as in very small lawns or other
conditions that restrict root growth. It tolerates shade but does not
tolerate air pollution and is susceptible to damage from road salt.
- OAK, CHESTNUT (Quercus prinus)
Chestnut oak commonly reaches 60 to 80
feet at maturity and grows better on dry and poor sites than other oaks.
Acorn is a favorite food of deer, turkey and squirrels.
- OAK, NORTHERN RED (Quercus rubra)
Height: 60′-80′, Spread: 45′-65′. Habit is
round-topped and symmetrical. Full sun. Prefers loamy, well drained
soils. Fast growing tree for lawns, parks and estates. Acorns are at the
top of the food preference list for wood ducks, pheasants, grackles,
jays, nuthatches, thrushes, woodpeckers, rabbits, foxes, squirrels and
- OAK, PIN (Quercus palustris)
Height: 60′-70′, Spread: 25′-40′. Strongly
pyramidal with ascending branches. One of the faster growing oaks. Full
sun. Tolerates wet soils but is adaptable to many soils types. Most
widely used oak for landscaping. Used on lawns, parks, golf courses and
around commercial buildings. Acorns are at the top of the food
preference list for wood ducks, pheasants, grackles, jays, nuthatches,
thrushes, woodpeckers, rabbits, foxes, squirrels and deer.
- OAK, SWAMP WHITE (Quercus bicolor)
Height: 60′-80′, Spread: 50′-80′. Swamp
white oak tolerates salt, drought and soil compaction in urban
environments. It is transplanted more readily than most other white
oaks. The acorns are eaten by a wide variety of wildlife.
- OAK, WHITE (Quercus alba)
Height: 80′-100′, Spread; 50′-80′. Classic
oak form with strong branches. Pyramidal in youth, becoming broad and
rounded with wide spreading branches. Transplant as small tree. Prefers
moist, well drained soils. Difficult to obtain from nurseries. Sometimes
available as seedling. Worthwhile tree for large areas. Acorns are at
the top of the food preference list for wood ducks, pheasants, grackles,
jays, nuthatches, thrushes, woodpeckers, rabbits, foxes, squirrels and
- OAK, WILLOW (Quercus phellos)
Height: 50′-100′, Spread 30′-70′. Fast
growing oak with willow-like foliage. Transplants more successfully than
most oaks, and becomes established quickly. Good shade tree. Full sun
or semi-shade. Easily grown in wet soils. Acorns are at the top of the
food preference list for wood ducks, pheasants, grackles, jays,
nuthatches, thrushes, woodpeckers, rabbits, foxes, squirrels and deer.
- PERSIMMON (Diospyros virginiana)
Height: 20′-60′, Spread: 50′-80′. Produces fruit that is a valued wildlife food.
- PINE, EASTERN WHITE (Pinus strobus)
Height: 50′-80’+, Spread: 20′-40′.
Pyramidal in youth, crown at maturity has several horizontal and
ascending branches. Fast grower. Grows best on fertile, well-drained
soils, but is very adaptable. A very handsome and ornamental specimen,
valuable for lawns, parks, and estates. Provides valuable cover and
nesting sites for songbirds and mammals. Needles are used as nesting
material. Seeds are eaten by quail, chickadees, grosbeaks, nuthatches
- PINE, LOBLOLLY (Pinus taeda)
Height: 80′-100′, Spread: 25′-35′. Usually
has a tall straight trunk free of branches on lower portions of the
tree. Often are used as shade trees and for wind and noise barriers.
- PINE, VIRGINIA (Pinus virginiana)
Height: 50′-80′, Spread: 25′-35′. Grows in
thick stands on dry and sterile soils. Often are used as shade trees
and for wind and noise barriers.
- POPLAR, TULIP (Liriodendron tulipifera)
Height: 70′-120′, Spread: 30′-50′. Long,
straight trunk with a narrow canopy. Fast grower. Plant in full sun and a
well drained loam. Use in large areas. Can be used where a very large
tree is desired, such as a broad boulevard, wide tree lawns near tall
buildings, or in parks. Moderate wildlife importance. The purple finch
and cardinal are principal users.
- REDCEDAR, EASTERN (Juniperus virginiana)
Height: 40′-50′, Spread: 8′-20′. Medium
rate of growth. Tolerant of adverse conditions. Prefers deep, moist
soils. Will tolerate shade only in youth. Handsome reddish brown bark.
Produces small cones. Good ornamental that is also useful for
windbreaks, shelter belts, hedges and topiary work. Twigs and foliage
are eaten by browsers. Seeds are eaten most extensively by cedar
waxwings. Evergreen foliage provides nesting and roosting cover for
sparrows, robins, mockingbirds, juncos, and warblers.
- SOURWOOD (Oxydendrom arboretum)
Height 25’-30’ with pyramidal shape when
young, drooping branches covered with fragrant white flowers resembling
lily-of-the-valley in late spring. Also knows as sorrel tree and lily of
the valley tree. Prefers moist, well-drained, acid soil in full sun to
part shade, but is adaptable. Interesting bark, glossy green leaves
turning vibrant red in fall. Wildlife value for honeybees and songbirds.
- SWEETGUM, AMERICAN (Liquidambar styraciflua)
Height: 60′-80′, Spread: 2/3 height.
Pyramidal in youth, rounded crown at maturity. Likes deep, moist, acid
soils. Occurs naturally on bottomlands. Excellent for lawn or park area.
Gumballs can be a problem in lawn settings. Goldfinches and purple
finches eat winged seeds.
- SYCAMORE (Platanus occidentalis)
Height: 80′-130′, Spread: 50′-80′. Sycamore is used for watershed protection since it can be planted on wet sites.
- TUPELO or GUM, BLACK (Nyssa sylvatica)
Height: 30′-70′, Spread: 30′-45′.
Pyramidal in youth and irregularly crowned at maturity. Prefers moist,
well drained, acid soils. Full sun or semi-shade. Deep taproot.
Spectacular fall colors make it a fine choice as a street tree in
residential areas. Tolerates seacoast conditions. Fruit is relished by
many songbirds. Users include wood ducks, robins, woodpeckers,
thrashers, flickers, and mockingbirds.
- WALNUT, BLACK (Juglans nigra)
Height: 50′-75′, Spread: same. Well formed
trunk with oval crown. Prefers rich, moist soils. Difficult to
transplant so should be started as a seedling. Roots produce toxins
which are poisonous to many plants so do not plant near fruit trees or
gardens. Nuts are eaten by woodpeckers, foxes, and squirrels.