Field Guide to Maryland's Frogs and Toads (Order Anura)
True Frogs (Family Ranidae)
True frogs have long powerful hind legs with webbed feet. They have relatively stout waists and large broad mouths. The toes do not have discs or pads at the tips as in the treefrogs (Hylidae). All of the true frogs found in Maryland have smooth skin with no bumps or tubercles, and most have ridges that run along the sides of the back (dorsolateral ridges). All Maryland frogs in Family Ranidae are in the genus Lithobates.
Many true frog tadpoles grow relatively large and may have an extended larval stage (up to three years). They can be found in many types of water bodies from ephemeral pools to permanent lakes, ponds and flowing streams.
Click on a picture or species name for profiles
of each of the 7 species of true frogs found in Maryland.
|American Bullfrog||Lithobates catesbeiana|
|Carpenter Frog||Lithobates virgatipes||Watchlist|
|Northern Green Frog||Lithobates clamitans melanota|
|Northern Leopard Frog||Lithobates pipiens||Introduced|
|Pickerel Frog||Lithobates palustris|
|Southern Leopard Frog||Lithobates sphenocephalus utricularius|
|Wood Frog||Lithobates sylvaticus|
- Discover Maryland's Herps
- Maryland Herp History
- Maryland Herp Checklist
- Survey Techniques, Collecting Ethics, Safety and the Law
- Problems with Buying Frogs and Tadpoles for Wild Release
- Technical Guide: A Key to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Maryland - 86.3 MB pdf file
- Maryland Amphibian and Reptile Atlas (MARA) Project
- Natural Heritage Program
- Wildlife & Heritage Home
"A Joint Project of the Natural History Society of Maryland, Inc. and the Maryland Department of Natural Resources"
To see older newsletters, please visit the MARA Resource Page.
The Maryland Herpetology Field Guide is a cooperative effort of the MD Natural Heritage Program and the MD Biological Stream Survey within the Department of Natural Resources and their partners. We wish to thank all who contributed field records, text, and photographs, as well as support throughout its development.