Classification of Vegetation Communities of Maryland: First Iteration
A Subset of the International Classification of Ecological
Concept: Floodplain forest of smaller rivers and headwaters.
Range: This alliance is found in Massachusetts, Maine, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Maryland, and possibly Virginia (?).
States/Provinces: CT MA MD NJ? NY PA? RI VA
TNC Ecoregions: 52:C, 58:C, 60:?, 61:C, 62:C
USFS Ecoregions: 221Ac:CCC, 221Ae:CCC, 221Af:CCC, 221D:CP, 231Ap:CCC, 232Ad:CCC
Authors: ECS, East Identifier: A.301
QUERCUS (PALUSTRIS, PHELLOS) - ACER RUBRUM / CINNA ARUNDINACEA FOREST
(Pin Oak, Willow Oak) - Red Maple / Stout Woodreed Forest
Ecological Group (SCS;MCS): Southeastern Coastal Plain Large River Bottomland Hardwood Forests
(385-20; 1 18.104.22.168)
Concept: This floodplain swamp community of the Chesapeake Bay region and environs occurs in topographic depressions within alluvial floodplains. The tree canopy is dominated by Quercus palustris, Quercus phellos, Acer rubrum, and Liquidambar styraciflua. The shrub layer is of relatively low cover and comprised of Viburnum dentatum, Viburnum prunifolium, and Ilex verticillata. Vaccinium corymbosum is a less frequent shrub layer associate. Typical vines include Toxicodendron radicans, Parthenocissus quinquefolia, and Smilax rotundifolia. The herb layer is characterized by Cinna arundinacea, Boehmeria cylindrica, Symphyotrichum lateriflorum var. lateriflorum (= Aster vimineus), and Carex spp., with less frequent associates including Arisaema triphyllum, Eurybia divaricata (= Aster divaricatus), Lycopus virginicus, Ranunculus abortivus, Euonymus americana, Chasmanthium laxum, and Glyceria striata.
Range: This community is found in the Chesapeake Bay region.
States/Provinces: MD:S?, VA:S?
TNC Ecoregions: 52:C, 58:C
USFS Ecoregions: 231Ap:CCC, 232Ad:CCC
Synonymy: Acer rubrum - Liquidambar styraciflua - Quercus (palustris, phellos) Seasonally Flooded Forest (Patterson pers. comm.)
References: Fleming et al. 2001, Patterson pers. comm., Thompson et al. 1999
Authors: ECS Confidence: 2 Identifier: CEGL006605
- Maryland Vegetation Classification Subset Report I.B. Deciduous forest
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This Page Up-dated on February 09, 2010