Field Guide to Maryland's Snakes (Order Squamata)


Northern Mole Kingsnake (Lampropeltis rhombomaculata)

Photo ofNorthern Mole Kingsnake courtesy of John White
Photo of Northern Mole Kingsnake courtesy of John White


Former Name:
Mole Kingsnake​

Size:
30 inches – 40 inches. Record: 47 inches.

Appearance:
  • This smooth shiny snake (scales not keeled) is brown to olive above with reddish brown blotches on the back, which alternate with smaller blotches on the sides; although some individuals may have no spots at all.
  • The belly is yellow to yellow-brown, with the yellow tint traveling up the sides.
  • There may be indistinct spots on the belly.
  • The head is small, not distinct from the neck.

Habitats:

This is a subterranean species, preferring to live in other animals' burrows. It may also burrow in sandy or loamy soils.

Photo of Habitat for Northern Mole Kingsnake - courtesy of Rebecca Chalmers
Photo of Habitat for Northern Mole Kingsnake
courtesy of Rebecca Chalmers


How to Find:

This is a nocturnal species. It usually only is seen above ground in plowed fields or after heavy rains. On a post-rainy evening, go out to open areas near woods. Look in rodent burrows or rotted tree roots. They may also be found crossing roads.


Distribution in Maryland:

Found only on the western shore of the Coastal Plain and adjacent Piedmont counties.​

Northern Mole Kingsnake - Distribution in Maryland