True toads have thick, dry, warty skin and have enlarged, warty glands in the shoulder region called parotoid glands. Unlike most frogs, true toads tend to produce short hops to escape danger rather than long leaps (Conant and Collins 1998).
There are only two species of true toads found in Maryland. They include the eastern
American toad (Anaxyrus americanus americanus) and the Fowler’s toad
The two species can be distinguished from each other based on the number of warts in each pigmented spot on the dorsum, the presence or absence of conspicuously enlarged warts on the tibia, spotting on the chest, and the amount of separation between the cranial
crest and the parotoid glands (Conant and Collins 1998).
Photo of adult Eastern America Toad, courtesy of Scott A. Smith
Eastern American Toad
Anaxyrus americanus americanus
Fowler’s ToadAnaxyrus fowleri
580 Taylor Ave, Annapolis MD 21401