Caudata

Field Guide to Maryland's Salamanders and Newts  (Order Caudata)


Northern Slimy Salamander

Family: Northern Slimy Salamander (Plethodon glutinosus)

Common Name:
Northern Slimy Salamander

Scientific Name:
Plethodon glutinosus

Adult photo of Northern Slimy Salamander courtesy of Lori Erb
Adult Photo of Northern Slimy Salamander courtesy of Lori Erb


Size:
  • 4 ¾ - 6 ¾ in.
  • Record – 8 ⅛ in.

Appearance:
  • Black to bluish black sprinkled with silvery or brassy flecks. 
  • White, gray or yellow spots along the sides of the body may fuse to form a broad band. 
  • The belly, a grayish black, is slightly lighter than the back. 
  • Very sticky.  This salamander has tail glands that secrete a sticky substance when handled roughly.  This secretion does not wash off easily. 
  • Usually 16 costal grooves. 

Habitat:

Habitat photo of Northern Slimy Salamander courtesy of Scott Smith
Habitat Photo for Northern Slimy Salamander courtesy of Scott Smith

  • Prefers hardwood forests, although it may be found in all moist forest types. 
  • Moist wooded ravines and shaded hillsides are favorite locations, along with cave entrances and wooded floodplains.

How to Find:

Distribution in Maryland:
Maryland Distribution Map of Northern Slimy Salamander