Caudata

Field Guide to Maryland's Salamanders and Newts  (Order Caudata)


Eastern Mud Salamander

Family: Eastern Mud Salamander (Plethodontidae)

Common Name:
Eastern Mud Salamander

Scientific Name:
Pseudotriton montanus montanus

Photo 1: Adult photo of Eastern Mud Salamander courtesy of John White
Adult photo of Eastern Mud Salamander
courtesy of John White


Size:
  • 3 - 6½ in. 
  • Record - 8⅛ inches.

Appearance:
  • Red, reddish brown to chocolate back and sides with few round, well-separated black spots extending to sides. 
  • The diagnostic feature is the brown eyes (compared to yellow in Northern Red Salamander).

Habitat:

Photo 5: Habitat photo of Eastern Mud Salamander courtesy of Rebecca Chalmers
Habitat photo for Eastern Mud Salamander
courtesy of Rebecca Chalmers

  • Muddy areas of springs, and seeps along small streams.

How to Find:

Distribution in Maryland:
Maryland Distribution Map of Eastern Mud Salamander