Northeastern Area Association of State Forest Planners Indicators and Metric of Forest Sustainability




       Maryland is part of the USDA Forest Service Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry. The Northeastern Area collaborates with the State Forestry agencies to promote among other things, Sustainable forest management.


       In 2003, the Northeastern Area, the Northeastern Area Association and State Foresters and the Northeastern Forest Resource Planners Association together devised a set of matrices to monitor sustainable forest management. These measures address the Montréal Process Criteria and Indicators.


       Criterion 1: Conservation of Biological Diversity

        1. Area of forest land relative to total land and area of reserved forest land

        2. Extent of area by forest type and by size class, age class, and successional stage

    3. Degree of forest land conversion, fragmentation, and parcelization

        4. Status of forest/woodland communities and species of concern (with focus on forest-associated species)


 Criterion 2: Maintenance of Productive Capacity of Forest Ecosystems

 5. Area of timberland

       6. Annual removal of merchantable wood volume compared to net growth


       Criterion 3: Maintenance of Forest Ecosystem Health and Vitality

 7. Area and percent of forest land affected by potentially damaging agents


Criterion 4: Conservation and Maintenance of Soil and Water Resources

8.    Area and percent of forest land with diminished soil quality

       9. Area and percent of forest land adjacent to surface water and area of forested land by watershed

10. water quality in forested areas


Criterion5: Maintenance of Forest Contribution to Global Carbon Cycles

11.Forest ecosystem biomass and forest carbon pools


Criterion 6: Maintenance and Enhancement of Long-term Multiple Socio-economic Benefits to Meet the Needs of Societies

12.Value and volume of wood and wood products production, consumption, and trade

13.Outdoor recreational facilities and activities

14.Public and private investments in forest health, management, research, and wood processing

15.Forest ownership and land use (including acres of specially designated land)

16.Employment and wages in forest-related sectors


Criterion 7: Legal, Institutional, and Economic Framework for Forest Conservation and Sustainable Management

17.Existence, type, and monitoring of forest management standards/guidelines

18.Existence, type, and frequency of forest-related planning, assessment, and policy review



Download USDA Forest Service, Northeast Area Association of State Foresters:

Base Indicators of Forest Sustainability: Metrics and Data Sources for State and Regional Monitoring. [654.56 KB]